The future of the paper industry is finite. Based on capitalistic models of business, profits must continue to grow while costs are continually pressured to remain low. Considering that the paper and wood pulp industry is heavily regulated in the United States, the extent to which the industry pollutes is contingent on the integrity of the regulations set forth. The growth of the industry since the industrial revolution has affected the legal landscape along with other large industries such as plastics, textiles, and petroleum products. Within the past two centuries, advancements in paper-making technologies, increase in global commerce, and the low cost of paper products has led to alarming increases in paper consumption which has caused significant environmental damage and untoward social implications.